"Utilization ratios — the proportion of solar radiation reaching a collector's surface that can be converted to usable process energy — of over 60% can be obtained by integrating solar thermal equipment in industrial systems. By comparison, photovoltaic systems typically have an efficiency of around 15%. " -che.com Solar energy can not only be transformed … Continue reading Solar for elec…naah, heat!
A flow chart below shows what a typical chemical process industry looks like, in a broad sense. As you can see, every stage or every plant in the industry emits waste (effluent - whatever that flows outward, other than the product) in any of the forms viz. gaseous, liquid and solid. Effluent handling is a vast … Continue reading Chemical process industry and pollution
This blog post introduces some common terminologies related to safety, and then moves on to the intricacies of it. Hazard: A hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, working from ladders, an open drawer, etc. Risk: The risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together … Continue reading Inherently Safer Plants – Part II