Shall we start with ourselves? Our population.

skyscraper-450793_1280

Life expectancy today is related to production of synthetic chemicals and sustainability. Take a look at this picture. It’s taken from Google Public Data Explorer.

Life expectancy

We need food, shelter and energy for this increasing population. We need to sustain. We need something like renewable sources. Something green. If you think deeply enough, it can scare everything out of you. This blog of course isn’t made to scare anyone but to create awareness, to get the wheels moving if it can do that. Here’s how it looks like.

Triangle

You’ll often need to remember the triangle of sustainability, as a constant reminder of how a perfect balance of all its three sides can lead to a green technology. Mind you, green is a word that shouldn’t be used loosely, because something can be greener but not entirely green sometimes, we can say it is relative. Am I saying there is nothing green in totality? I doubt. I doubt because some things are beyond our understanding. Does the butterfly-effect ring a bell? But that’s just me.

Let us first look at the existing problems. Plastic pollution is one among the myriad of problems we face today. So, what are scientists doing about it? Here’s what.

Liquid Wood (Arboform):

Norbert Eisenfreich, a senior researcher at the Faunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology in Germany (ICT), said that arboform, the new material, is made of lignin, which can be derived from soft tissues of wood. Once mixed with several other ingredients, the substance turns into solid and non-toxic alternative for plastics. Arboform is already used for the production of car parts which require extra strength. However, the new invention does not enjoy an extensive use due to the high sulfur content in it. German researchers believe that they will be able to reduce the amount of sulphur by 90 percent very soon to make arboform usable for home needs.

Woah. Hold it right there. You see? High sulfur. It ain’t completely green but many of its other aspects are and compared to plastic bags, it is green. What we need is to keep working on it and make it greener.

New Material Made From Paper Sludge Could Replace Plastic Packaging:

1 kg of paper, 1 kg of new material. This researcher has devised a new biotechnology method that she has used to modify the chemical and structural properties of the cellulose materials that are left over from the paper recycling process. Thus, she has created a new compact, mouldable, fire resistant, impermeable, strong, porous material that could, in many cases, replace materials that are not environmentally friendly or that are more expensive, such as plastics, wood derivatives or rubber. This is achieved in the most productive way possible, as each kilogram of paper produces a kilogram of the new material, which has numerous applications in various industry and production sectors.

Elastic Water:

Bernama, a part of the Malaysian National News Agency, reports that Japanese scientists have created “elastic water.” Developed at the Tokyo University, the new material consists mostly of water–95-percent–with an added two grams of clay and organic material. The resulting substance resembles jelly, but is extremely elastic and transparent. According to the article, the new material is quite safe for the environment and humans, and may be a “long-term” tool in medical technology, possibly to help wounded or surgically cut tissue to remain closed.

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